Yatskevich T., Semenova O., Moskvin S.
Combined Laser Blood Illumination by Red (635 nm) and UV (365-405 nm) Light in the Treatment of Small Domestic Animals with Allergic Dermatitis
Tatiana L. Yatskevich1, Olga N. Semenova2 and Sergey V. Moskvin 3,*
1 Veterinarian of "InnoVet" veterinary center, Frunze prosp., 130, Tomsk 634021, Tomsk Region, Russia, tel.: +7 (923) 410-4672, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
2 Assistant professor of veterinary department of Tomsk Agricultural Institute of FSBEI of Higher Education Novosibirsk State Agrarian University, Solyanaya pl., 11, Tomsk 634003, Tomsk region, Russia, Candidate of Biological Sciences, tel.: +7 (903) 953-9924, e-mail: email@example.com
3 Leading researcher of the State Research Center of Laser Medicine FMBA of Russia, Studencheskaya ul., 40, Moscow 121165, Russia, Candidate of Engineering Sciences, Doctor of Biological Sciences, tel.: +7 (916) 987-9095, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Background: The prevalence of atopic dermatitis in domestic animals is one of the problems of modern veterinary. Treating with standard techniques using chemotherapeutic agents not always leads to a positive result of therapy; moreover, many drugs produce adverse side effects.
Methods: Low level laser therapy, in particular, intravenous laser blood illumination (ILBI) has a pronounced and long-lasting impact on the immune system of animals. The combined technique including ILBI-635 (635 nm, 2 mW, 5 min) and LUVBI (365 nm, 2 mW, 3 min) every other day provides a positive change in clinical status of cats with allergic dermatitis after the 3rd-4th treatment session.
Results: The increased level of erythrocytes and hemoglobin was identified in the course of treatment, and it indirectly indicates increased blood transport activity, which improves trophic provision and microcirculation. A double reduction of leukocytes and a significant decrease of neutrophil cells indicate the immunomodulatory effect of LILI (lowintensity laser illumination). The increase in the percentage of lymphocytes and the decrease of eosinophils and monocytes against the background of basophil concentrations deviations within physiological concentration result in the reduction of inflammatory mediators expression that induce itching. The reduction of total IgE concentration 32 times against control on the 7th day of treatment correlates with the decrease in the quantitative content of peripheral blood eosinophils, indicating the decrease in severity of an allergic process.
Conclusion: LLLT is recommended against the background of standard drug therapy to achieve quick clinical outcome together with a long-lasting prolonged effect.
Keywords: veterinary; allergic dermatitis; low level laser therapy